墨梅,江南

作者:郑伯烟人气:2160更新:2021-07-13 18:00:18

在这个喧闹的城市里呆久了,便想要去江南看看。天性是爱水的 ,小溪清澈的流过,心也不自觉地放松了开来 。
江南文化下的一些次文化区域,如越文化、吴文化 、楚文化。
上海师范大学刘士林教授认为 ,自成一体的、具有独特的结构与功能的某种区域文化,通常具备两个基本条件:一是区域地理的相对完整性,二是文化传统的相对独立性。江南文化正是这样一种相对独立的区域文化 ,从审美文化的角度看,江南文化的本质是一种诗性文化 。也正是在诗性与审美的环节上,江南文化才显示出它对儒家人文观念的一种重要超越。由于诗性与审美内涵直接代表着个体生命在更高层次上自我实现的需要 ,所以说人文精神发生最早、积淀最深厚的中国文化,是在江南文化中才实现了它在逻辑上的最高环节,并在现实中获得了较为全面的发展。
区域文化精神是在人类社会生活和自然环境的长期交互作用下逐步整合显现出来的 ,它包含对人自身以及人与人 、人与自然、人与社会之间关系认识的总和 。一方面 ,它不断变易、逐渐丰富,随着人类各种活动的渐次展开而不断有新的内容补充并沉积;另一方面,它又相对稳定 ,始终保持着一些使之区别于其他区域的独特品质。而在此过程中,自然环境如气候条件 、地形地貌等等,常常是作为一个最基本的限定 ,规定了这一区域文化精神的历史走向。在中国这样一个幅员辽阔、民族众多的国度里,长期的历史发展形成了缤纷多彩、各具特色的区域文化 。仅就汉民族文化圈而言,大体可以以淮河为界分为江南和江北两大文化区域。“杏花春雨江南 ,骏马秋风冀北”的清辞丽句形象地概括了两地基本的自然地理特征——南方草木葱茏 、清奇瑰丽,北方则土厚水深、雄浑阔大,在这样有着显著差异的自然环境中孕育成长的人文风气亦因此而各具特色。而在大的江南文化区域中 ,东南地区无疑是其中最具代表性的亚文化区域 。特别是唐宋以降,东南地区逐渐成为天下财赋之所区、士大夫渊薮,“中国的经济文化重心也从‘开封——长安’东西向轴线彻底移向江南地区 ,最终落在‘杭州——苏州’南北向轴线上 。 ” 也正如宋史专家刘子健先生所认为的那样:“中国近八百年来的文化模式 ,是以南宋为领导的模式,以江 、浙一带为重心。全国政治 、经济、文化重心皆聚在一起,这是史所稀见的。江南第一水乡 。四面环水 ,咫尺往来,都需靠舟楫。全镇依河成街,桥街相连。河埠廊坊、过街骑楼 、临河水阁 ,一派古朴幽静,是江南典型的“小桥流水人家” 。周庄于2003年被评为中国历史文化名镇。
南湖位于镇南,湖面辽阔。利用南湖自然风光及历史遗迹而新建的南湖园 ,以全福寺为中心,有“水中佛国”之称 。
南湖四季景色皆宜,而秋夜的月色更加醉人。当秋风送爽 ,明月高悬时,湖面上的一片碧绿、一带金黄,真有“长烟一空 ,皓月千里 ,浮光跃金,静影沉璧 ”的意境。
乌镇地处浙江省桐乡市北端,是江南四大名镇之一 。它具有六千余年悠久历史的古镇 ,典型的江南水乡古镇,有着“鱼米之乡,丝绸之府”之美誉。
乌镇以河成街 ,街桥相连,依河筑屋,水镇一体 ,组织起水阁、桥梁 、石板巷、茅盾故居等独具江南韵味的建筑因素,体现了“以和为美”、自然环境和人文环境和谐相处的整体美,呈现江南水乡古镇的空间魅力。
西栅是经过修葺后对外开放 。有12座小岛 ,由60多座小桥将这些小岛连接在一起,河流密度和石桥数量均为全国古镇之最 。例如,通济桥和仁济桥两桥成直角相邻 ,因此无论站在哪一边 ,都可以通过一个桥洞看到另一座桥,如同井中观月,故有“桥里桥 ”之称。“桥里桥”是乌镇最美的古桥风景 ,堪称桥景一绝。
婺源县位于赣东北(江西省东北部),上饶市北部 。徽州文化的发祥地之一。婺源东西分别与两座国家历史文化名城——衢州 、景德镇毗邻,南隔铜都上饶德兴市与世界自然遗产“江南第一仙山”——三清山相望 ,北枕国家级旅游胜地黄山市。婺源素有“书乡 ”、“茶乡”之称,是全国著名的文化与生态旅游县,被外界誉为“中国最美的乡村”、“一颗镶嵌在赣 、浙、皖三省交界处的绿色明珠 。著名景点有婺源之源 ,森林水世界---卧龙谷;天上人间,梯田人家---江岭;徽建典范,民间的“金銮殿 ”---百柱宗祠;伟人故里 ,风水门庭(江泽民主席的祖籍地)---江湾;天人合一的生态家园---晓起;徽雕艺术宝库—-汪口;小桥流水人家---李坑;儒商第一村—-思溪延村;吉祥美丽的宋代廊桥---彩虹桥;梦里乡村---严田古樟民俗园;国家森林公园---灵岩洞。
江南好景,江南好景啊!

英译版本:

After a long time in this noisy city, I want to go to Jiangnan to see. The nature is love water, the creek is crystal clear, and the heart does not consciously relax.
Some of the cultural areas under the cultization of Jiangnan, such as the Yue culture, Wu culture, and Culture.
Professor Liu Shilin, Shanghai Normal University, believes that some regional culture with unique structure and function, usually two basic conditions: First, the relative integrity of regional geography, the second is the relative independence of cultural traditions Sex. Jiangnan culture is such a relatively independent regional culture. From the perspective of aesthetic culture, the essence of Jiangnan culture is a poetic culture. It is also in the link of poetry and aesthetics, and Jiangnan culture shows its important transcendence on the human concept of Confucianism. Since poetry and aesthetic connotation directly represent the needs of self-realization at individual lives, the first humanistic spirit has the earliest Chinese culture, and it has achieved its logically the highest circle in Jiangnan culture. And have achieved more comprehensive development in reality.
Regional cultural spirit is gradually integrated under long-term interaction of human social life and natural environment, which includes the sum of people's own relationships between people and people, people and nature, people and society. On the one hand, it is constantly changing, gradually, with the gradual development of human activities, continuously adding new content supplements and deposit; on the other hand, it is relatively stable, and it always maintains some unique to other regions. quality. In this process, natural environments such as climate conditions, terrain landforms, etc., often serve as a most basic limit, which provides a historical direction of this regional cultural spirit. In China, a large country has a large country, long-term historical development has formed a colorful and distinctive regional culture. Only in the Han nationality culture circle, it can be divided into two major cultural areas of Jiangnan and Jiangbei as the Huaihe River. "Apricot Spring Rain Jiangnan, Juna Autumn" is an image to summarize the basic natural geographical characteristics of the two places - the southern grass, clear and beautiful, the northern, the north is thick, the hero is wide, there is such a Humanities that have grown growth in a significant difference in natural environment also have a characteristic. In the large Jiangnan cultural area, Southeastern region is undoubtedly the most representative subcultural area. In particular, Tang Song is desughtime, and the southeastern region has gradually become the area of ​​the world, and the scholar, "China's economic culture is also from 'Kaifeng.- Changan 'east-west is completely moved to the Jiangnan area, eventually falling on' Hangzhou - Suzhou 'north and south axis. "It is also as thinking by Mr. Liu Zijian, Song History:" China's cultural model in the past eight hundred years is the model of the leadership of Southern Song, with the center of Jiang and Zhejiang. All national politics, economics, and cultural focus are together, this is the hustle. Jiangnan first water township. The four-sided loop is within easy reach, it needs to rely on the boat. The town is connected to the street, bridge street. River Langfang, crossing the street riding, Linhe Water Pavilion, a feminine and quiet, is a typical "small bridge flowing house" in Jiangnan. Zhouzhuang was rated as a famous Chinese historical and cultural name in 2003.
Nanhu is located in Zhennan and the lake. Using Nanhu Garden, the newly built Nanhu Garden, which has been built in Quanfu Temple, and is known as the "Shui Bank".
The four seasons of the South Lake are suitable, while the moonlight in autumn is more intoxicating. When the autumn wind is cool, the bright moon is at hanging, and there is a bright green, a golden, and there is a "long smoke, the month, the floating jumper, still the shadow" is the artistic conception.
Wuzhen is located in the north end of Zhejiang Province, one of the four famous towns in Jiangnan. It has an ancient town of more than 6,000 years, and the typical Jiangnan Water Town Ancient Town has the reputation of "fish rice township, silk".
Wuzhen is connected to river street, street bridge, Yahe buildings, water towns, organized the building factors of the Jiangnan charm of the waters, bridges, stone lanes, Mao Dun, such as "," "The whole beauty of the natural environment and the human environment is harmonious, showing the space charm of the ancient town of Jiangnan Water Town.
The weighing is open after repair. There are 12 small islands, which are connected by more than 60 small islands, and the number of rivers and stone bridges are the most old town. For example, Tongji Bridge and Renji Bridge have a right angle, so no matter which side, you can see another bridge through a bridge hole, such as the Well's viewing month, so there is a "bridge bridge". "Bridge Bridge" is the most beautiful ancient bridge scenery in Wuzhen, which is a bridgeview.
Wuyuan County is located in the north of Zhang East (Northeast Jiangxi Province), north of Shangrao City. One of the birthplace of Huizhou culture. The source is adjacent to the two national historical and cultural cities - Zhangzhou, Jingdezhen, Nanzhi Town, Shangrao Dexing City and the World Natural Heritage "Jiangnan First Xian Mountain" - Sanqing Mountain, North Pillow National Tourism Resort Huangshan City. Yan Yuan's "Book Township", "Tea Township" is famous for the countryCultural and eco-tourism counties have been known as "China's most beautiful village", "a green pearl in the junction of the three provinces of Jiang, Zhejiang, and Anhui. The famous attraction has the source of the source, the forest water world --- Wolong Valley; Heaven and Earth, terrace people --- Jiangling; Huijian model, folk "Golden Temple" --- Hundreds of Zongzhu; the great man, Feng Shui Doctor (the ancestral place of Chairman Jiang Zemin) --- Jiangwan; Ecological home ----起; 雕 艺宝 库 - 口; Xiaoqiao flows water people --- Li Hang; Confucian first village - Si Xi Yancun; auspicious beautiful Song Dynasty Bridge --- Rainbow Bridge Dream country --- Yan Tian's ancient folk park; National Forest Park - Lingwang Cave.
Jiangnan Good View, Jiangnan Good View!

Copyright jmser.net 鸡毛书 Rights Reserved.