读书温暖着我的文学人生

作者:司马醉然人气:627更新:2021-05-05 12:00:11

    一九九五年底,我的第一本个人专辑面世了。我给这本书起了个自以为很诗意的名字:《一轮月 ,一片云》,还请了被毛泽东主席称之为“娃娃诗人” 、曾五次受到党和国家领导人接见的苗得雨老师写了序 。苗老师在序言中的第一句话是:“诗友李桂龙是我的沂蒙山老乡 ”,激动我得手舞足蹈 ,还为此写了一篇《体味老师的关怀》。这年我三十一岁。

    刚下了第一个蛋的小母鸡,虽然鸡蛋个头不大,蛋壳上还粘着几缕血丝 ,但小母鸡盛气凌人地昂首高歌,“咯咯哒——咯咯哒——”,一会儿飞上草垛 ,一会儿蹦上屋檐 ,一会儿跳上墙头,飞着、蹦着、跳着,一不小心 ,把一盆还没晒好的面酱登歪了,瓷盆子摔坏了,面酱淌了一地 。主人气愤地骂道:下了个蛋还不如山楂大 ,逞什么能!见自己惹了祸,又挨了主人骂,小母鸡瞬间收敛了许多 ,随之跟着老母鸡们一起到粪堆上找食吃去了。渐渐地,那高亢嘹亮的“咯咯哒——”也偃旗息鼓了。

    当时我显摆得不亚于这只小母鸡 。又是上电视,又是登报纸 ,又是送书店,又是签名赠书……很是火了一阵子,也赢得了所谓“诗人 ”称谓。后来让我冷静下来的是父亲的一句话:“初中生的水平”。父亲的这句话 ,跟小母鸡的主人那句话基本是一个意思 。

    我最早接触到的文学书籍是父亲的三本藏书:《水浒传》《创业史》和《奥斯特洛夫斯基传》(奥斯特洛夫斯基是《钢铁是怎么炼成的》一书的作者 ,也是小说主人公保尔·柯察金的原型) 。这三本书,分别代表了古典文学 、现代文学和外国文学。我对父亲的敬畏来自于他的学识和威严,对他的话从来都是由衷地敬佩和绝对地服从 ,毫无委曲求全的意思。

    自从父亲说了这句话,我只要一提笔就不知所措 。

    老话说得好,临渊慕鱼不如退而结网。要想写出好文章 ,还是先读书吧。读什么?中外名著和古典文学 。正好有一本买给上小学的儿子用的《儿童学诗》,便津津有味地读了起来。读着读着,我被这本册子里的古诗深深地吸引住了。由于是“儿童学诗” ,所选都是四句的五绝和七绝,首首经典,篇篇易懂 ,明白如话,好记易背 。都说王维“诗中有画,画中有诗 ” ,这本《儿童学诗》里的所有古诗几乎都是一幅幅迎面而来的画面。

    如王维的《鹿柴》:“空山不见人 ,但闻人语响。返景入深林,复照青苔上 。”短短二十个字,却写得很传神、很形象、很生动 、很明白如话。先是空山深林傍晚时分的清新幽静 ,接着笔锋陡然一转引出人语声。空谷传音更觉其空,人语之后愈添寂静 。一幅斗方大的山水画跃然纸上 。

    再如孟浩然的《春晓》:“春眠不觉晓,处处闻啼鸟。夜来风雨声 ,花落知多少。”寥寥数语,把个夜雨昼晴的春日晨晓描述得生动活泼 。它的艺术魅力不在于辞藻的华丽和手法的绝妙,而在于它的韵味。又是一幅栩栩如生的斗方。

    所谓诗画同源 。张若虚的《春江花月夜》和白居易的《琵琶行》何尝不是一轴长卷?张择端的《清明上河图》和黄公望的《富春山居图》何尝不是一卷长诗?

    后来 ,我买了大量的古典书籍,包括《唐诗鉴赏辞典》《宋词鉴赏辞典》《元曲鉴赏辞典》《古文观止》、孔孟老庄、四大名著等等。由于一句“熟读唐诗三百首,不会作诗也会诌 ”的缘故 ,还特意买了一本文白对照版的《唐诗三本首》。

    我没学写古诗词,因为我最钟爱的是散文 。但我的散文里却揉进了古典诗词的神韵和画面感。

    在《游春小雨》这篇小文里,我串珠似地直接引用了大量的诗句:

    “听着听着 ,小雨就笑了。笑得春眠不觉晓笑得处处闻啼鸟 ,笑得迟日江山丽笑得春风花草香,笑得万树江边杏笑得新开一夜风,笑得故人西辞黄鹤楼笑得烟花三月下扬州 ,笑得两个黄鹂鸣翠柳笑得一行白鹭上青天,笑得可怜日暮嫣香落笑得嫁与东风不用媒…… ”

    在《敲响季节之门》一文中,少了些直接的引用 ,多了些化整为零的嫁接:

    “敲响春之门的那朵残梅,极谦虚地站在驿外断桥边,诵读春暖鸭先知的诗句 ,等待春雨赛香油的一刻 。润如酥的天街小雨如期而至,为远嫁的女子吹响唢呐声声。那枝出墙的红杏,早已成了落红满地的新娘。悄悄地走来了细无声的好雨 ,很辛勤的做着润物的工作……遗憾的是少了一个叫陆游的观众,也许,他到断桥边寻那朵残梅去了?远处是遥看近却无的草色 ,眼前是依旧笑春风的桃花 。但人面不知何处去了 ,只有香如故令人缱绻 。”

    虽然嫁接了很多原诗句,但直接引用的句子明显少了。实在是太爱惜这些句子了。我有时候想,既然有了这些优美得无与伦比句子 ,我何必再去绞尽脑汁!

    在另一些文章里,我当然不会继续大量引用和嫁接,而是将古诗的意境美和画面感融进文字里 ,给读者一种典雅和朦胧的感觉,让读者在这些文字里寻找古诗的韵味 。

    在《无言》这篇随笔中,我用了一系列的排比画了一组“人物漫画”:

    “口若悬河不一定多才博学 ,喋喋不休不一定思想深邃,絮絮叨叨不一定平易近人,娓娓而谈不一定儒雅风范 ,故弄玄虚不一定通天晓地,狂言诈语不一定位尊官高,指手划脚不一定胸有成竹 ,自我炫耀不一定智谋过人 ,过分谦虚不一定真心实意,言辞激烈不一定真理在握。 ”

    写《畅想,在武河湿地荡漾》这篇游记性的抒情散文时 ,其中的一段是写荷花的,但满脑子都是杨万里的《小池》:

    “贴在水面的荷叶安详仰泳,亭出水塘的荷花水上芭蕾。初绽的尖蕾上一只蜻蜓在午睡 ,早开的荷花娇艳在荷叶的翠绿中 。一支垂柳将一枚叶片探进荷花的蕊中,挠得荷花果真打了一个喷嚏,惊飞了尖蕾上午睡的蜻蜓。”

    靖一民老师在为我的这本散文集精心撰写的序言《把文采还给文学》中说道:“散文语言的漂亮 ,并非仅是大红重赤 、斑斓陆离,它的美是以多种形式出现的。或清丽出尘如涓涓细流,或孤凄荒寒如古道西风 ,或清旷豁达如沧桑智者……李桂龙的语言文采,当属后者 。他的语言看似淡墨素描 、平和舒缓,实则缜密从容、典雅委婉、涉笔成趣。……这样的语言似乎很随意 ,实则是作者通过对生活的长期观察 ,用智慧锤炼出来的,看似平淡如水,却像被河水漂洗过的鹅卵石 ,质朴温润,让人爱不忍释。正因他一直在用这种语言去叙述对生活的认知,才使得他的散文满溢着浓浓的生活气息 ,魅力独特,文采纵横,十分耐读” 。

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英译版本:

At the end of 1995, my first personal album was in the world. I gave this book a very poetic name: "a month of the moon, a cloud", and still call the Chairman of Mao Zedong called "doll poet", once received the seedlings received by the party and national leaders. The teacher wrote the sequence. The first sentence in the preamble is: "Poetry, Li Guilong is my Yimeng Hill," I have to say "I have written a" The Care of the Teacher "for this. I am thirty year old this year.

Just got a small hen of the first egg, although the egg is not large, the egg shell also sticks a few blood, but the little mother is full of singing, "gobby - 哒] - "After a while, fly on the grass, rest on the eaves, I will jump on the wall, fly, squat, jump, I accidentally, put a pot of yet, the porcelain is broken. The surface sauce is blinded. The owner is angry and said: It is not as good as the mountain, what can you! Seeing yourself, it's a lot of people, and the little hen moved many times, and followed the old hen to find food on the feces. Gradually, "goblinding", "giggle -"

I showed that I am not worthy of this little hen. It is also a TV, and it is also a newspaper, and it is also a bookstore, and it is a signature gift ... very fired a while, and I have won the so-called "poet" title. Later, I was calm down was a word of my father: "The level of junior high school students". The father's sentence is basically a meaning of the whisper of the owner of the little hen.

My earliest introduction book is the three books of my father: "Water Margin" "Entrepreneurial History" and "Ostrovsky" (Ostrovsky is "steel How is the author of the book, the author of the book is also the prototype of the novel owner. These three books represent classical literature, modern literature and foreign literature, respectively. My father's awe is coming from his knowledge and majesty. If he has been sincerely admire and absolutely, it does not have the meaning of the eloquence.

Since the father said this, I just wanted a pen.

The old saying is good, Linyuan Madi is better to return. If you want to write a good article, let's read it first. What to read? Chinese and foreign famous and classical literature. Just have a son who bought it to the elementary school."Children's Poetry", he will read it. Readed, I was deeply attracted by the ancient poems in this book. Because it is "Children's Poetry", the selected is the five sentences and seven, the first classic, the article is easy to understand, understand, so much. They all said Wang Wei's "paintings in the poems, there is poems in the painting", and all the ancient poems in the "Children's Poetry" is almost a moving picture.

Such as Wang Wei's "Luqilai": "The empty mountain did not see people, but he went to the language and phonetic, back to the deep forest, restoration on moss." Just twenty words, but it wrote very evident , Very image, very vivid, very well understood. First, the fresh and secluded in the evening of the empty mountains, and then the strike will suddenly turn out words. The empty Valley is more empty, and the more it is more quiet. A landscape painted on a patriarch is jumping on paper.

"Chun Xiao" in Meng Haoran: "Chun Dynasty is not affected, there is a bird in the night, how much is the rain, the flowers," 寥 数, put a night rain sunny spring day morning description It is lively. Its artistic charm is not the gorgeous and technique of rhetoric, but it is its charm. It is a lifelike fighting party.

The so-called poem homology. Zhang Ruoxu's "Spring River Flower Night" and Bai Juyi's "琵琶" is not a shaft long scroll? The "Qingming Shanghe Tu" and Huang Gang's "Fuchun Mountain Residence" are not a long poem?

Later, I bought a lot of classical books, including the "Tang poetry appreciation", "Song Word appreciation", "Yuan Lu appreciation", the ancient Chinese view ", Kong Meng Laozhuang, four famous functions, etc. Due to a "three hundred familiar to Tang poetry, there will be a poem will also be poetry", but also bought a literate "Tang poetry".

I didn't learn an ancient poetry because I love the prose. But in my prose, I entered the charm and picture of classical poetry.

In the small text of "Toy Spring,", I used a lot of verses to be directly cited:

"Listen, Xiao Yu smiled. Smile I am smiling, I am smelling the birds, laughing late Jiangshan Li smiles, the spring breeze, laughing, the river, the river, smile, open the night I laughed two Huang Yuming Cui Liu smiled and watered a line of egret on the blue sky, smiled and poor day.The fragrance laughs and married and the Dongfeng does not have the media ... "

In the article" Ring Seasonal Gate ", some direct references, more than a grafting of zero:

"The disabled plum of the door of the spring, is very modestly standing in the side of the bridge, reading the poem of the spring warm duck, waiting for the spring rain. Runru's crispy sky street light rain is as scheduled, and the surrounding sound is blowing. The branched red apricots have already become a bride that falls. Quietly walked a fine rain, very hard to do the work of moisturites ... Unfortunately, there is a lot of audience called Lu You. Maybe he went to the bridge to find the blind plum? It is far from the grass, and it is a peach blossom that is still laughing in front of him. But I don't know where people are, only the incense is awkward. "

Although many original verses were grafted, the sentences directly cited were significantly less. I really cherish these sentences. I sometimes think, since I have these beautiful unparalleled sentences, why bother me again In other articles, I certainly don't continue to quote a lot of reference and grafting, but integrate the artistic conception of ancient poetry and pictures into the text, give readers a elegant and embarrassing feeling, let The reader finds the charm of ancient poetry in these words.

In the essay in "Silent", I used a series of rows of "characters":

"Oral Not necessarily, I don't have to think deeply, and I don't have to think about it. I will not necessarily have a routine. Therefore, I will not necessarily pass the rhetoric. Therefore, the madness is not necessarily the high, and the finger is not necessarily chest. Self-showing is not necessarily a concern, too modest is not necessarily unhealthy, and the words are fiercely do not necessarily in grasp. "

When writing" Imagine, in Wuhe Wetland "This kind of lyrical lyrics, one of them is written, but the brain is Yang Wanli's" small pool ":

"Sticker on the water surface of the water, the water swimming, the lotus water on the water pond, ballet. The naked spikes were asleep on a lick, and the morning open lotus is delicate in the green leaves of the lotus leaf. A plurality of flats explored a blade into the lotus in the lotus, and the lotus fruit was really sneezing, shocking the dragonfly sleeping in the morning. "

Jing Yizhen teacher said in the preamble of this prose collection "Title to Literature": "The language of the prose is beautiful, not only the red red, the lady is away, its beauty is A variety of forms appear. Or the beautiful dust is like a thin flow, or the cold is like ancient road, or the clear open-minded vicissitudes ... Li Guilong's language and literary, the latter. His language seems to be light in Sketch, peace and soothing, essentially calmly, elegant and euphemism, informant. ... This language seems to be very casual, the author is to use wisdom to hammer it, it seems like a water, but it seems like it is like water. The rinsed pebbles, simple and warm, people love can't stand. It is because he has been using this language to narrow the awareness of life, so that his prose is full of life, charm unique, literary , Very hot. "

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