冬日沙枣树

作者:叶语芹人气:2667更新:2021-07-19 22:00:07

  2013年新年,我来到了美丽的边塞名城库尔勒,虽说已经是数九寒天的二九 ,气温低至零下25度左右,可是眺望那银装素裹的边疆小城风光,给人的感觉却是那样滋润爽朗。

记得上次来到这里是2009年的春节 ,那一次在孔雀河畔,观赏到16只天鹅美丽的容颜,令我欣喜不已;在茫茫戈壁参观了已经开垦出来的大片土地 ,也留在了深深的记忆里 。

此次来到这里,回到了我生长了29年的地方。不曾料到的是,在冬雪飘飞的日子里 ,又见到了沙枣树。尽管已经数九寒天,沙枣树的枝条上却结满了桔红色的花生米粒大小的诱人果实,令我感到十分惊奇 ,喜出望外 。

当我伫立在东山的雪地路旁的沙枣树旁 ,心里十分激动,多想扑向它啊!没有想到,多年以后 ,无意中与沙枣树邂逅,而且是在2013年的元旦。往事悠悠过,枣香扑鼻来。儿时的许多往事已经随时间的流逝依稀远去 ,但是,与童年的伙伴一起上学,一起采摘沙枣、一起获取树胶的情景却浮现在脑海中 ,一件件 、一幕幕依然是那样的清晰 。

记忆中的童年好伙伴丹丹,我们两人是发小,童年时光最要好的小伙伴 ,上学放学都结伴同行,很多同学都以为我们是亲姐妹呢!不过,她长得漂亮 ,我却比较丑 ,同学们戏称,一个像父亲,一个酷似母亲。不过 ,到了80年代,她们举家迁往发达的内地常州去了,那时的我们还有书信往来 ,可惜现在已经失去了联系。这是后话 。

朋友,在新疆生活了29年的我,总是喜欢把沙枣树与白杨树联系在一起对比 ,认为一个是沙漠中的伟丈夫,一个是沙漠中的丑小鸭,一个身材挺拔伟岸 ,一个身材不高还弯曲,枝杈飞扬,曲曲盘旋 ,长长的尖刺布满树枝。它的身体呈红棕色 ,树的表皮闪闪发亮,似涂了一层清油。它的叶状为小小的椭圆形,阳光照射的叶面 ,泛着银光,背面则是灰色的 。尽管它没有鲜嫩的绿色,也不像青松或者其它树木那样鲜艳耀眼 ,郁郁葱葱,但确确实实是大西北特有的春叶,尤其是那一排排沙枣树组成的成片树林 ,是儿时的我眼里最美的风景,上学放学的路上,因它映入眼帘而疾步如飞 ,充满活力;大西北广袤的条田,因它的存在而生机勃勃,傲骨盎然 。

记忆中 ,在我们通往场部上学的路上 ,沙枣树是栽种在马路边的一侧的,与高大的白杨相依相伴。父母告知,沙枣树与白杨组合到一起 ,就是最好的防沙墙了,因为沙枣树耐干旱耐盐碱耐风沙,在戈壁、沙漠、兵团农垦的条田边上种植 ,自然就形成了一道天然屏障,既可以起到防风固沙的作用,又给上学上班的人们增添了一道亮丽的风景。

沙枣树的生长犹如人生四季 。在阳春三月 ,大地渐渐苏醒,茫茫戈壁的报春树—沙枣树绽开出那芳香四溢的花束,香飘十里 ,在我眼里,可与江南的桂花相媲美;初夏五月,沙枣树的枝条上 ,青涩果实崭露 ,诱惑着我们的眼球 、嗅觉和味觉,有时候也忍不住采上一枝,品味花香;初秋八月 ,沙枣树的果实渐渐成熟,色彩似青苹果,但是我们已经迫不及待地上树采摘 ,品尝酸涩;金秋十月,那枣红色的果实挂满枝头,甘甜可口。那一枝枝 ,一串串,热情洋溢芳香诱人,沉甸甸的 ,压弯了枝头。我和姐姐妹妹还有丹丹结伴同行,背着书包,拿着面袋 ,往沙枣树林走去 ,分工合作,一个在树上采摘,一个在树下往书包、面袋中捋;家家户户的屋顶上 ,都晾晒着这沙漠绿洲的果实,金黄黄的一片,放眼望去 ,似金色的海洋,一派丰收的景色;上学路上,把沙枣往口袋里一揣 ,是我们那个生活上捉襟见肘的年代,最可爱开口的香甜零食了……那一幕幕情景历历在目,仿佛就发生在昨天 。

无论是在上学或是放学的路上 ,很多时候都能看到维吾尔族少女、少妇在沙枣树干上采集树胶。她们采集沙枣树胶做什么用呢? 我和丹丹一起去看过她们如何采集,也观察到沙枣树干上会流出胶液,是从树身凹陷的疤痕处渗流出来的 ,凝成一团一团的 ,琥珀色,类似我们今天用的胶水,姑且叫它沙枣胶吧。我们将其采集到小瓶里 ,加入水混合搅动,当做胶水使用,粘贴本子和书 ,粘得可牢了 。那时候,父母的工资加起来共计38.5元,父母夸奖我们是懂事的孩子呢!

那么 ,维吾尔族少女 、少妇采集树胶做什么用呢?我多想知道啊!于是,我咨询了我们班上的一个名叫阿依古丽的同学,她告诉我说:沙枣胶有粘性,是粘合各种东西的天然胶水 ,而维吾尔族姑娘们用它,是给自己的头发定型,不仅一个星期发型都可以保持原样 ,还可以滋养头发 ,令头发又黑又亮。步骤是:先把头发洗净,再把浓度适宜的树胶抹在头发上,然后再编辫子就可以了,头发上散发着沙枣花的香气 ,这是我们维吾尔族的古老习俗了。在巴扎上,也能买到,你们汉族人称呼为头油 。哦 ,富有智慧的维吾尔族人民,很早就懂得使用天然的树胶做亮发剂呢。

记得那个时候,我们喜欢把沙枣花枝条折下一支 ,放在书包里或者上衣口袋里,芳香四溢的花香,沁人心脾 ,伴随自己,也香袭他人。在当时非常时尚,风靡一时 。整个教室里都香气迷漫 ,听老师讲课 ,专心致志,聚精会神 。

茫茫戈壁旷野,你的身影挺立 ,不张扬不华丽,静静守望屹立。今日,观赏到冬季的沙枣树 ,虽说叶子几乎落光了,可是树枝上的桔红色果实却格外醒目。我看见,沙枣树迎着呼啸的西北风 ,在一望无际的旷野中,有的孑然而立,虬枝伸展 ,有的隔树相望,含情脉脉,有的并排 ,相互依偎 ,有的簇拥成林,傲然挺立…… 当我看到沙枣树那稚嫩瘦弱的身躯,在冬季的雪地里依然挺立;被西北风剥去叶子的嶙峋枝干 ,在呼啸的北方中顽强坚守,不卑不亢走过四季,我真想奔跑过去拥抱你!

我的父母是1959年支援边疆建设到大西北新疆的 ,是军垦战士队伍中的一员,他们和千千万万个支边的军垦战士一样,与当地的少数民族同胞一起 ,为了祖国边疆,忘我工作,无私奉献 ,他们走到那里,就把沙枣树种植到那里,使沙枣树成片成林 ,旺盛生长!它们的身影伴随着军垦战士 ,为军垦战士遮风避雨,军垦战士也细心呵护着它们,为它们修枝浇水 ,相互依存,相依相偎!他们不正像沙枣树一样扎根边疆,建设着边疆吗?在那艰苦的岁月 ,他们平凡,顽强,执着 ,将美丽的青春奉献给茫茫戈壁!早出晚归,开垦荒原荒地,勤劳勇敢善良 ,种植庄稼,一年四季,辛勤耕耘 ,远离家乡 ,远离亲人,用微薄的工资辛苦养育着子女 。他们不屈不挠的奋斗精神,不正是生活在盐碱滩上的沙枣树 ,不畏干旱,不畏严寒,耐碱耐寒 ,顽强生长,防风固沙的真实写照吗?

如今,我看到的这片沙枣树林 ,已经成为当地的经济支柱之一。每到春暖花开的季节,这片林地,枝繁叶茂 ,郁郁葱葱。秋天,这里的沙枣树、红枣树、桃树 、杏树和银杏树等经济林木已开始陆续向人们奉献果实,树枝上果实累累 ,一派塞外江南风光 。在这片热土上 ,汉族和少数民族团结和睦,一起工作生活,不禁慨叹道:在新疆生活的29年中 ,从来没有如此强烈的感受:这个不大的边城今天竟然令我如此迷恋,由衷赞叹:今天,我眼中的库尔勒是西域途中最美的边城。

    望着窗外 ,阳光依然灿烂,我静静地坐在电脑桌前,回味那沙枣花那浓郁的芬芳 ,品尝着沙枣果的甘甜,在敲击的键盘声中记录下那悠悠的往事,馨香的记忆。

英译版本:

2013 New Year, I came to the beautiful side of the famous city Korla, although it is already a few nine-nine-nine, the temperature is as low as zero, but the scenery of the border small city, which is overlooked, giving people It is so moist and cool.

Remember that last time here is the 2009 Spring Festival, then in the Peacock River, watch the beautiful face of 16 swans, so that I am delightful; I visited the big land that has already been opened in the vast Gobi. Also stayed in deep memory.

This time came here, returned to me for 29 years. I have never expected that in the days of winter, I saw the sand jujube tree. Although the branches of the jujube trees have been filled with the seductive fruits of the orange peanut rice size on the branches of the jujube trees, I am very surprised.

When I got it next to the sand jujube tree next to the snow road of Dongshan, I was very excited, I want to pounce it! Unexpected, after many years, there is no intention to be in the jujube tree, and it is in the New Year's Day in 2013. The past is long, the jujube is fragrant. Many of the past events have been rare over time, but together with the childhood partners, picking the sauce together, getting the scene of gums, but in the mind, one piece, one piece, one scene is still so clear .

In memory, the childhood partner Dandan, our two are small, childhood, the most beautiful little partner, get out of school, go to school, many students think we are sisters! However, she is so beautiful, but I am more ugly, my classmates are called, a father, a mother. However, in the 1980s, their family moved to the developed mainland Changzhou, then we still have a letter to come, but unfortunately, it has lost contact. This is something.

Friends, I have lived in Xinjiang for 29 years, I always like to contact Shazu Tree with Poplar Tree. I think one is the great husband in the desert, one is ugly duckling in the desert, one The figure is very pulled, a body is not well curved, twigs, curved, and long spikes are covered with branches. Its body is reddish, and the skin of the tree flashes, and it is like a layer of oil. Its leaves are small oval, sun-irradiated leaves, with silver light, and the back is gray. Although it is not a tender green, it is not like a pine orThe other trees are bright, lush, but it is indeed a big northwest spring leaf, especially the grain grazing tree composition, a piece of wood, is the most beautiful scenery in my eyes, and I am going to school. Because it is reflected in the eye, the eye is full of flying, full of vitality; the territory of the northwest, because of its existence and vibrant, proud.

In the memory, on the way to the scene to go to school, the sand jujube tree is planted on the side of the roadside, with a tall boulty. Parents informed that the jujube trees and Baiyang combine together, it is the best anti-sand wall, because the jujube trees are resistant to saline-resistant and sole, planted on the edge of Gobi, Desert, and Corps farmland, naturally formed A natural barrier, which can play the role of windproof, and add a bright landscape to people who go to school.

The growth of the jujube tree is like a season of life. In Yangchun March, the earth gradually wakes up, the Gobi's news spring tree - Sha Date tree blooms the aromatic bouquet, the fragrance, in my eyes, can be comparable to the osmanthus in Jiangnan; in the morning, Sand On the branches of the jujube tree, the fruit of the green, tempting our eye, smell and taste, sometimes I can't help but pick a branch, taste the flowers; the fruit of the Sajube tree gradually mature, color like Youth Apple, but we have can't wait to pick the trees, taste the sour; Golden Autumn October, the red fruit is full of branches, sweet and delicious. That branch, a string, passionate aromatic tempting, heavy, benting the branches. I and my sister's sister has Dandan to walk with my own, carrying a bag, holding a bag, walking towards the sand jujube wood, working together, one picking on the tree, one under the tree, pocket in the bag; home household On the roof, the fruit of this desert oasis, a golden yellow, looking away, like golden ocean, a peony scenery; go to school, put the sandpuo to the pocket, it is our life In the era, the cutexed sweet snacks ... that scene scene is in the eye, as if it happens yesterday.

Whether it is on the way to school or in school, many times can see Uighurs teenage girls, young women collect gums on the trunk of the jujube. What is the use of Shades Gascular? I have seen how they collected, and I also observed that the jujube trunk will flow out of the gum, which is seepaged from the scar depressed from the tree.A group, amber, similar to the glue we used today, aunt called it. We collect them into the vial, add water to mix, when making glue use, paste the book and book, and stick it. At that time, my parents' salary added 38.5 yuan, and my parents praised we are sensible for children!

So, what is the use of the Uighur girl, the young woman collects gum? I want to know more! So, I have consulted a classmate called Ai Auri, she told me: Shazu gums have viscous, and it is natural glue that bonds all kinds of things, and the Uighur girl uses it. Your own hair is constitutive, not only a week hairstyle can be maintained, but also nourish your hair, making hair black and bright. The step is: Wash the hair first, then apply the concentration of gelatin on the hair, then edit the braids, it is the aroma of the jujube flower, which is the ancient custom of our Uighurs. On Bazaar, you can also buy it, your Han people call it as a head oil. Oh, the wisdom of the Uighurs, I know how to use the natural gum to make a bright hair.

I remember that time, we like to fold the sand jujube flowers, put in the bag or the jacket pocket, the fragrance of the fragrance, the heart of the spleen, accompanied by himself, and attack others. At the time, it was very stylish and popular. The whole classroom is fragrant, listening to the teacher, concentrate on the gods.

In the wilderness, your figure is standing, not Zhang Yang is not gorgeous, quietly watching. Today, you can watch the sand jujube tree in the winter, although the leaves are almost light, but the orange fruit on the branches is very eye-catching. I saw, Sha Date Tree welcomed the whistling northwest wind, in the undeadless wilderness, some were standing, stretching, there is a tree, there is a veins, some side by side, with each other, some are surrounded Lin, arrogant ... When I saw the tender thin body of Shazu Tree, it was still standing in the snow in the winter; the branch of the leaves of the northwestern wind was dry, and they were stubborn in the north of the whistle. Four seasons, I really want to run the past to hug you!

My parents are in 1959 to build their border construction to Xinjiang, the United States, is a member of the military warrior. They are the same as those of the local minority compatriots. For the frontiers of the motherland, forget me, selflessDedicated, they got there, just plant the sand jujube tree, so that the jujube tree became a forest, and vigorously grown! Their figure is accompanied by military soldiers, and the military soldiers are shining, and the military soldiers are careful, and they are watering, and they are interdependent. Are they not just like the jujube tree, is it rooted in the frontier? Is it a border? In that hard years, they are ordinary, tenacious, persistent, and dedicate the beautiful youth to Gobi! Late in early, reclaim the wasteland, hardworking, kindness, planting crops, four seasons, hard work, stay away from home, away from loved ones, and use meager salary to raise children. They are unyielding and struggling. It is not really living in the sand jujube tree on the salt alkali beach, not afraid of drought, not afraid of cold, alkali-resistant, tenacious growth, wind-proof, Sand's true portrayal?

Today, this sand jujube woodlin has become one of the local economic pillars. Every spring season, this woodland, the branches, lush. In the fall, the jujube tree, red dates, peach, apricot trees and ginkgo trees, etc. have begun to dedicate fruits to people, and the fruit is in the branches, and the scenery of the south of the south. On this hot soil, the Han nationality and minority united, work together, can not help but sigh: in the 29th year of life, there is no such strong feelings: this is not a big border today, this is so fascinated, sincere : Today, Korla in my eyes is the most beautiful border in the Western region.

Looking outside the window, the sun is still brilliant, I sat quietly before the computer table, afraid of the rich fragrance of the sand, tasted the sweetness of the jujube fruit, recorded in the sound of the keyboard The next thing of the past, the memory of fragrance.

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