我读《老子》——无为无不为肖齐一

作者:江新玉人气:2501更新:2021-07-12 20:00:12

        跟我相处久的人,很多都认为我是一个消极的人。比如 ,没事就睡觉(而我觉得躺在床上看电子书 ,可节省精力又舒服), 经常“变节 ”(而我觉得如果形势变了,就不必再徒劳无功下去)等 ,这些看来古怪的行为方式,那我是怎么积弊成“疾 ”的呢 。 (题记)
 
                                                 我读《老子》
          老子被列为世界十大作家之首,《老子》(又名《道德经》)一书在全球销量仅次于《圣经》 。外国人很推崇中国的道家文化 ,尤其是日韩两国。像韩国,对道家文化的推崇都表现在国旗上了,他们的国旗是道家的太极图。而日本 ,更是道家文化的传播中心,外国人大多是向日本人学习研究道家文化 。我们国家本是道家发源地,有“河出图 ,洛出书”的佳话,但不幸的是,道家思想一度遭到国人的排谴 ,以致国人大多不懂道家文化 ,更别说传播运用了。究其原因,是我们国家历受封建思想禁锢,致使我们不能理解道家先进思想 ,而我们所谓的名家,更是把道家文化解说成消极思想。其实,老子早就看到了我们这些不肖子孙太愚痴 ,所以他根本不想说什么,更不愿写书了 。但他老人家骑青牛出关时,只因没有通关文牒 ,才被关令尹要求写点东西,于是洋洋洒洒写出五千字的《老子》一书。
                                                    无为无不为
       这句话不知把多少人迷住了,就是想不通。我们先不说这句话是什么意思 ,但我们可以肯定,他最终是为了无不为,既然是为了无不为 ,怎么会是消极思想呢?所以我们看文章 ,不能先入为主,也就是不要带着自己的主观意识去看,而要舍己从人 ,看看别人是怎么说的,然后再跳出文章,自己去思考 。如果一开始你就带着老子思想是消极的标签去看 ,就总也不能客观去理解,更别自圆其说了(我们看一个人的话是不是对的,就看他能不能自圆其说)。所以老子说“不敢为主而为客” ,以后我们看书别反客为主,那是大傻瓜。我们说说“无为 ”,这是大多数人很难理解 ,乃至误解的一个词,也是大多数人把道家说成是消极思想的一个原因 。
       道家认为一动分阴阳,也就是说如果你动用一个想法 ,就会产生另一个甚至更多个结果 ,比如女生动用追求青春美丽这一想法,就会产生对人老色衰的厌恶和恐惧。所以道家认为,我们不要乱动 ,要知道乱动后会产生很多意想不到的结果,所以有句话叫“世上本无事,庸人自扰之” ,以后我们不要再做庸人了啊。那是不是我们就什么都不做呢?不是的,我们要在最有利的形势下动,而此前的无为 ,正是守静待时,这样才能后发制人,无所不为 。因为外物或别人一动后 ,会产生很多结果,而一个结果又会产生很多结果,这时我们不能乱动 ,要看清形势 ,伺机而动,等分出一些结果后,选择你认为最有利的形势 ,然后后发制人 。而且我们还不能有后发必能制人的心思,如果动用这一心思,我们就会有顾虑能不能制胜 ,而我们只需客观地判断形势,然后行动就是。在我们行动后,不管结果如何 ,都要如雁过长空,风来竹面,不着丝毫痕迹 ,胸中没有纤芥。
       我们可以想象,为什么那么多高人要做隐士,是他们消极吗?如果消极 ,他们会成为高人吗?不是的 ,是我们的封建统治逼的,他们也想有所作为,只是一生都没能等到时机 。只是我们这些人 ,只要给个面包,做啥都行。我认为,如果三顾茅庐确有其事 ,那诸葛亮也是在隆中等待时机。在《新三国演义》中,名士崔州平说:孔明先生十五年静观天下,不为所动 ,今日终于得其主,出深山了 。水镜先生说:孔明虽得其主,不得其时 ,可惜啊。可见对这些形势的判断,就算诸葛亮这么有才的人都没能看清,所以只好鞠躬尽瘁 ,死而后已 ,说得不好听,就是死扛下去。要是诸葛亮一生都静待其时而不得,像高人水镜先生一样高卧林泉 ,是不是又被我们这些书呆子认为他是消极的呢 。运用道家思想最好的,莫过于范蠡,以前我就说过了他的三大风流之事:兴越灭吴的首席军师、奉为财神的儒商鼻祖 、迷恋西施的痴情男儿。这里我再说下他对道家思想的运用之妙。他本是楚国人 ,但当时楚国的政治非常黑暗,形势不利于他的发展 。他所地处的县令文种听说他不是常人,所以来拜访下他 ,看看能不能做自己的幕僚。对于当时大多数人来讲,这是天大的喜事,是通往仕途的康庄大道啊 ,肯定晚上又睡不着了,但他还用装疯卖傻(我想,对于旁边的人看来他是傻子 ,但文种知道 ,他这么有才,没理由这么傻,一定是有话不能当众说)来考验文种 ,看文种是不是一个有大眼界的人。果不其然,他算到文种还会来的,这次文种是一个人来的 ,他和文种关起门来抵足而谈,最后他哥俩决定去越国,后来他在越国官至相国 ,爵至上大夫 。在越国,他爱上了送给吴王的“贡品”——美女西施 。我们可以想象,自己心爱的女人 ,每天都在别人的淫威下倍受蹂躏,我们是什么滋味。灭了他?是的,越国人人恨不得灭了他。于是越王对身为首席军师的他说 ,现在我们去灭了吴国吧 。大多数人肯定会说此时不灭 ,更待何时。他没有,他说时机还不利于我们啊,大王再等等吧。然后 ,又过些年,越王又对他说,我们现在这么强大了 ,这回我们可以灭了那小子了吧 。他又说,大王,形势虽有好转 ,但我们还是处于劣势啊,再等等哈。就这样七八次之后,他们君臣敲定时机 ,终于灭了吴国,吴王自杀了。西施回国后,当时的人都认为她是祸国女 ,都唾弃她 。我们会想 ,这范蠡一度阻止越王出师伐吴,难道他不爱她了,或说即使还爱她 ,但碍于流言,一定不会理会她。错了,他因为爱她 ,所以更要静待时机,一举灭吴,不容差池。他不会因为自己是一人之下 ,万人之上的权臣而舍弃她,也不会因为她不是完璧之身而冷落她,相反 ,这时他更应该去保护她,爱她 。一来,他知道功高会震主 ,二来 ,他知道西施不想世人认识她,于是隐姓埋名,与西施泛舟五湖 ,游于七十二峰之间。后来他从商赚了很多钱,我们会想这么多钱,应该留给子孙后代吧。他没有 ,他把这些钱散给那些穷苦的人和那些需要投资的人 。就这样,三次聚财,三次散财 。
       有道家思想的人 ,为人处事如行云流水,一切如义所当为,理所应为 ,处无为之事,功成而不居,无为而无不为。

英译版本:

People who have been with me, a lot of people think that I am a negative person. For example, if you sleep, you will sleep (and I think it is lying in bed to watch e-books, saving energy and comfortable), often "variable festival" (and I think if the situation has changed, no one will be in vain), etc., these appearance is quirky behavior Way, how did I get a "disease". (Inscription)

I read "Laozi"
Laozi was listed as the head of the top ten writers of the world, "Laozi" (also known "Morality") book is second only to the Bible is second only to the Bible . Foreigners are very respectful in China's Taoist culture, especially Japan and South Korea. Like South Korea, the advice of Taoist culture is expressed on the national flag, and their flag is the Taiji map of Taoist. And Japan, the propagation center of Taoist culture, most of the foreigners are to learn about Taoist culture to Japanese people. Our country is a good day, there is a "river out picture, Luo's book", but unfortunately, the Taoist thinking is once the priority of the people, with most of the country, mostly does not understand the cultural culture, not to spread the spread. The reason is that our country has been imprisoned by feudal ideas, causing us to understand the advanced idea of ​​Taoist family, and our so-called famous family, but also said Taoist cultural solutions into negative thoughts. In fact, Laozi has long seen that these non-Xiaozi Sun is too stupid, so he doesn't want to say anything at all, and it is more reluctant to write a book. However, when his old man rides the green cattle, he only was written by Yin asked to write something because there was no customs clearance, so he wrote a book of "Laozi" in the ocean.
Nothing is not
I don't know how many people are fascinated, just want it. We don't say this sentence first, but we can be sure, he is ended in order nothing, since it is in order nothing, how can it be negative thinking? So we look at the article, you can't first be the main, just don't take your own subjective consciousness, but you must be self-employed, see what others say, then jump out of the article, think about it. If you start with Laozi's thoughts, you will never look at it.It is important to understand, let alone say it (we look at someone is right, just see if he can say itself). So I said, "I don't dare to be the Lord." After we read the book, it was the mainstay, it was a big fool. We talk about "no", this is a word that most people understand, and even misunderstandings, and most people say that the Taoism is a reason for negative thoughts.
Taoist thinks that one is divided into yin and yang, that is, if you use an idea, it will generate another or even more results. For example, girls are moving with youthful and beautiful, will have a disgusting for people. fear. Therefore, Taoist believes that we don't want to move. If you know that there will be many unexpected results, so there is a saying that "the world is nothing, the mediocrity", we will not be a mediocrity in the future. Isn't that we don't do anything? No, we have to move in the most favorable situation, and the previous ineffective, it is waiting for waiting, so that it can be launched, ignorant. Because the external object or others will have a lot of results, and a result will produce a lot of results. At this time, we can't move, to see the situation, wait for the opportunity, wait for some results, choose what you think is most beneficial The situation is then launched. And we can't have a posture to make a man's mind. If we use this, we will have concerns that we can win, and we only need to objectively judge the situation, and then action is. After our actions, no matter what the results are as long as geese, the wind is bamboo, there is no trace, there is no flexide in the chest.
We can imagine why so many high people want to be a hermit, is they negative? If they negative, will they become a high person? No, it is our feudal rule, and they also want to make a difference, but they have not been able to wait for the time in their lives. Just us, just give a bread, do it. I think if there is anything, the Zhuge Liang is still waiting for the opportunity in the Longzhong. In the "New Three Kingdom Romance", Cuizhou Ping said: Mr. Kong Ming is still moving in the world, not moving, and finally he has a Lord today. Mr. Water Mirror said: Kong Ming has a master, but unfortunately. It can be seen that the judgment of these situations, even if Zhuge Liang has a talented person can't see it, so I have to do it, I'm going to die, it is not good, it is dead. If Zhuge Liang is still waiting for it, it is not allowed to, like a high-person water.Mr. Mirror is as high as Linquan, is it negative by our nerd? It is best to use Taoist thought. Mo Fan Hao, I have said that he has said his three major romantic things: Xingyue, the chief military division of Wu, refars the confustuence of the God of Wealth, obsessed with Xi Shi 's infatuation. Here, I will say that he is the use of Taoist thought. He is a Chu, but the politics of Chu State is very dark and the situation is not conducive to his development. The county in the county is heard that he is not a common person, so come to him, see if you can do your own boy. For most people in the time, this is a great joy of the ancestors. It is the Kangzhuang Avenue leading to the official. It is sure that he can't sleep at night, but he still uses a crazy selling silly (I think, for the side of the side seems to be a fool, but Vintage knows that he is so talented, there is no reason to be so stupid, it must be something that can't be said) to test the cultures, seeing the cultivation is a person with a large eye. Sure enough, he will come to the cultivation. This cultural is a person. He and the cultures closed the door to fight, and finally his brother decided to go to the country, and later he arrived in the country. Due to the country, the Jue is going to the doctor. In Vietnam, he fell in love with the "tribute" for Wu Wang - beauty Xi Shi. We can imagine, women who love their beloved, every day, there is a taste of the taste of others. Down him? Yes, the Vietnamese people can't wait to destroy him. So Wang said that he said to him as a chief military division, now we go to the country. Most people will definitely say that they are not destroyed at this time. He didn't, he said that the time is not conducive to us, the king will wait. Then, after another year, the Yue Wang said to him, we are so powerful now, this time we can destroy the kid. He also said that the king, the situation has improved, but we are still in a disadvantage, wait another ha. After seven or eight times, they finally set the time, finally destroyed Wu Guo, Wu Wang suicide. After Xishi returned to China, the people at the time thought she was a disaster girl, and she was cast aside. We will think that this fan is once stopped from the king of the teacher from being cut, but he doesn't love her, or even if she still loves her, but she will not pay attention to her. Wrong, he is waiting for her, so he is going to wait for the opportunity, and in one fell swoop, it is not a pool. He won't give up because of himself, the power of the people is abandoned, and it will not be cold because she is not finished, but in contrast, he should protect her, love her. As soon as he knew that he would like the master, he knew that Xi Shi didn't want the world to know her, so he hidden.The surname is named, with Xi Shi Boat Wuli, swimming between seventy-two peaks. Later, he made a lot of money from the merchants. We will think so much money should be left to the future generations. He didn't, he scattered these money to those poor people and those who needed investment. In this way, three gatherings, three discrete.
There are people who have the idea of ​​the family, for people, such as the Yunliu, everything is as if it is, it should be, nothing, and does not live, and there is no way.

Copyright jmser.net 鸡毛书 Rights Reserved.