成都武侯祠

作者:宇文晶洪人气:2530更新:2021-07-13 15:30:04

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丞相祠堂何处寻?锦官城外柏森森。好不容易择了一个时间,才去成都武侯祠访古 。成都武侯祠号称三国圣地 ,是全国保存最好的纪念三国文化的地方。保存得好的原因很简单,就是因为蜀都地偏中原,得天独厚 ,且诸葛大名垂宇宙和三国正统的儒家思想,所有这些,皆不可或缺。
60元一张的门票 ,不能说便宜 。门额上书汉昭烈庙四大字,一眼就望穿这原不是真正的武侯祠,它是纪念三国蜀汉先主刘备的原庙 ,只是后来被好事者迁入武侯祠而与刘备君臣合祀的。我想,地下有知的刘先主肯定是不乐意的,诸葛亮也未必敢作此想。想想也真是的 ,明明是刘备原庙 ,怎么就叫成武侯祠了呢?比较流行的说法就是门额大书昭烈,官府申序;蜀人皆道武侯,民间重情 ,这个情也恁大了,以至于人人皆知诸葛而忘刘氏了 。

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从小就熟读《三国演义》,又看过数遍电视连续剧 ,对于其中之刘关张、赵马黄或既生瑜,何生亮 、三顾两表、七擒六出等等三国故事早就耳熟能详,特别之于天下英雄谁敌手?曹刘或生子当如孙仲谋更是崇敬有加 ,此次三国圣地行,喜以蜀汉、武侯重也。进入武侯祠,首当其冲的应该就是汉昭烈庙 ,大门与二门之间,左右均有镌碑石刻,东侧为唐碑 ,此碑据示云非常珍贵 ,号三绝碑,系唐名相裴度作蜀丞相诸葛武侯祠堂碑文,时著名书法家柳公绰(其弟乃柳公权)书 ,其上刻镌字人鲁建,而鲁某人名不见经传(至少我不知道),但肯定当是一著名镌刻师 ,而评定正是从文 、书、刻整个方面的,所以人称三绝碑。与唐碑相对应的西侧,是明碑 ,那里有一碑亭,碑身下有一似石龟不是石龟的东西为碑座(后来知道它是龙生九子之一的霸下),碑文一时半会儿读也读不远 ,有些字还认不得,何必读它?不如另寻它处 。映阶碧草自春色,隔叶黄鹂空好音。这里花草繁荣、绿树成荫 ,初夏时节亦春色映阶 ,然而黄鹂未必是空好音的,现在这里热闹至极,有这么多的游人来谒 ,已不复杜工部当年。但见祠堂巍然,历史氛围厚重,重植的柏树 ,亦显森森 。昭烈庙二门匾书明良千古四字,明,指明君刘备 ,良,指良弼武侯,有联云合祖孙父子兄弟君臣辅翼在人纲百代存亡争正统 ,历齐楚幽燕越吴秦蜀艰难留庙祀一堂上下共千秋 。直点君臣合祀的主题。
昭烈殿之业绍高光匾下,人们莫不仰视。待见到刘备塑像,不由心中已自默念:天下英雄 ,唯使君与操耳!想当年 ,孤穷刘皇叔,辗转寄人于篱下,终究靠着他的知人待士 、高祖遗风而信大义于天下 ,直至三分一脉 。想当初如许汜之流求田问舍、怕应羞见、刘郎才气,毕竟有其过人之处,有英雄之仪 ,有英雄之志。昭烈殿两侧是关羽殿和张飞殿,祀关 、张二人。关、张皆为蜀汉重要人物,皆万人敌 ,是史上猛将的代名词,忠至义绝 。尤其是关公,义薄云天 ,但从某一角度讲,蜀汉之弱小与他刚愎自用、好大喜功而破坏诸葛亮联吴抗曹的战略目标乃至败走麦城失荆州,先主又因之兴兵伐吴 、遗恨猇亭 、使蜀汉大伤元气有关 ,然在历史长河里 ,关公却备受尊崇,称武圣,连其塑像也作帝王装扮(不过与其它塑像一样 ,皆是戏剧舞台形象),令人遐思。张飞殿里,悬诚贯金石匾 ,但见其塑像面目漆黑,豹眼环睁。导游小姐一句其实张飞并不是如此黑脸,他的女儿还嫁给刘禅做皇后引得游人大笑不已 。黑脸固不是也 ,但其黑正是猛将身份,不过形象罢了。还记得看过成都电视台由著名文化人魏明伦老师主持的《城市行动》节目,嘉宾流沙河先生就说到台湾的余光中先生来访 ,由他作陪,其中有征询张飞字益德还是应为翼德一事。张益德见于陈寿《三国志》,而张翼德见于罗贯中的《三国演义》 ,究竟孰是孰非 ,并不重要,只是想,古人的字 ,皆从名来,而翼正合于飞,怎么陈寿却作益德呢?

英译版本:

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Where is the 相 堂? Jacheng Foreuryson. It's hard to pick up a time before I go to Chengdu Wuhou Temple to visit ancient. Chengdu Wuhou Temple claimed the Three Kingdoms, which is the best to commemorate the cultural culture in the country. It is very simple to save, because it is a Central Plains, the sky is unique, and Zhuge's big name is the universe and the three countries orthodox Confucian thinking. All of this is indispensable.
Tickets for 60 yuan can not be said. The door is on the four characters of the book Han Zhaoli Temple. When I look at this original, I am not a real Wuhou Temple. It is the original temple that commemorates the first of the three countries, but later after being moved into Wuhou Temple and Liu Beijun. . I think that Liu Xian, who knows underground is definitely unhappy, Zhuge Liang may not dare to think about it. Think about it, it is true that it is Liu Beiyuan Temple. How can I call Cheng Wu Hou? The more popular statement is that the door is the book, the official government is in order; the people are all Wuhou, folk empathy, this love is also big, so everyone knows Zhu Ge, forget Liu.
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From Xiaoyou, he is familiar with the "Three Kingdoms Romance", and it has seen several TV series. For Liu Guan Zhang, Zhao Ma Huang or is born, He Bi Liang, three pairs of two tables, seven Sixth and other three stories have long been familiar, special in the world hero who hosts? Cao Liu or a birthmaster is like Sun Zhongzi, which is also an honor, and the Three Kingdoms of the Three Kingdoms, like Han Han, Wu Hou also. Entering Wuhou Temple, the first thing that should be a rush should be between the Han Zhaili Temple, the gate and two doors, there is a stone carving, the east side is Tang Ming, this monument is very precious, the number three is Tang Mon, When you are 丞 相 葛 侯 碑 碑, the famous calligrapher Liu Gong (his brother is Liu Gong Qiang) book, and he is engraved with the word, and Luo said that it is not seen (at least I don't know), but affirmative It is a famous engraving teacher, and the assessment is from the text, book, engraved throughout, so people call three tensions. The west side corresponding to Tang Ming, is a monument, there is a pavilion, there is a stone turtle to be a stone turtle to be a stone turtle (later, knowing it is the tyrant of Long Sheng Jiuzi), inscription Reading is not far from reading in half, some words are not recognized, why should I read it? It is better to find it. Abbothebed in spring, isolated on the leaves. Here is the flourishing, green trees, the first summer season, the spring is spring, but Huang Yi is not necessarily air and good. Now it is very lively, there are so many tourists to come, and they have not referendum. But seeing the temple, historical atmosphere,Reunion of Cypress, Yossen. Zhaolia Temple two-door books, a thousand people, Ming, Ming, Indication The difficult Temple is a thousand autumn. Straight of the theme of the Junchen.
The Industry of Zhaoli Shao, and people are not looking up. When you see Liu Bei statue, you can't help but you have been in your heart: the world's hero, soil and eating! When I wanted the year, I was a rush of the emperor, and I was transferred to the fence. After all, he was rely on his knowledgeer, and his high ancestor's style is confident in the world until it is three minutes. I want to see the stream of Xu, I'm ashamed, and Liu Lang is angry. After all, I have some people, there is a hero, there is a hero. On both sides of the Zhaoli Temple is Guan Yu Temple and Zhang Fei Temple, Wei Guan, Zhang. Off, Zhang is all important people in the Han Han, all enemies, is a synonym, a synonym, and loyalty to the history. Especially Guan Gong, Yi Lin Tian, ​​but from a certain point of view, the weakness of the Han Han is self-used, and the strategic objectives of Zhuge Liangwei Wu anti-Cao's strategic objectives and even the death of Mai City. Herbled, hurting the vitality of the Han Han, but in the long history of history, Guan Gong is respected, called Wusheng, even his statue is also imperial dress (but the same as other statues, is the image of the drama stage), 遐思. In Zhang Fei Hall, he was homes to have a gold stone, but he saw his statue of the face, and the leopard is open. Miss Guide, a doctor, in fact, Zhang Fei is not so dark, his daughter is still married to Liu Zen to make a queen to attract tourists laugh. Black face is not also, but it is fierce that it will be in the image. I still remember that the Chengdu TV station was hosted by the famous cultural man Wei Minglun, and Mr. Jiashan, Mr. Shahe said, said that Mr. Yu Guangzhong in Taiwan has come to visit, with him, and it is also for Wings. Once. Zhang Yide saw Chen Shou's "Three Kingdoms", and Zhang Yid is seen in Luo Tongzhong's "Three Kingdom Romance". It is not important. It is just that the words of the ancients are, all from the name, and the wings are all flying, how Chen Shou But what is good?

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