胡适散文之差不多先生传落花飘零

作者:武丹雄人气:2599更新:2021-07-14 17:00:07

      你知道中国最有名的人是谁? 
 
  提起此人,人人皆晓,处处闻名。他姓差 ,名不多,是各省各县各村人氏。你一定见过他,一定听过别人谈起他 。差不多先生的名字天天挂在大家的口头 ,因为他是中国全国人的代表。 
 
  差不多先生的相貌和你和我都差不多。他有一双眼睛,但看的不很清楚;有两只耳朵,但听的不很分明;有鼻子和嘴 ,但他对于气味和口味都不很讲究 。他的脑子也不小,但他的记性却不很精明,他的思想也不很细密。他常常说:“凡事只要差不多 ,就好了。何必太精明呢?” 
 
  他小的时候,他妈叫他去买红糖,他买了白糖回来 。他妈骂他 ,他摇摇头说:“红糖白糖不是差不多吗?” 
 
  他在学堂的时候 ,先生问他:“直隶省的西边是哪一省? ”他说是陕西。先生说:“错了。是山西,不是陕西 。”他说:“陕西同山西,不是差不多吗?” 
 
  后来他在一个钱铺里做伙计;他也会写 ,也会算,只是总不会精细。十字常常写成千字,千字常常写成十字。掌柜的生气了 ,常常骂他 。他只是笑嘻嘻地赔小心道:“千字比十字只多一小撇,不是差不多吗? ” 
 
有一天,他为了一件要紧的事 ,要搭火车到上海去 。他从从容容地走到火车站,迟了两分钟,火车已开走了。他白瞪着眼 ,望着远远的火车上的煤烟,摇摇头道:“只好明天再走了,今天走同明天走 ,也还差不多。可是火车公司未免太认真了 。八点三十分开 ,同八点三十二分开,不是差不多吗?”他一面说,一面慢慢地走回家 ,心里总不明白为什么火车不肯等他两分钟。 
 
  有一天,他忽然得了急病,赶快叫家人去请东街的汪医生。那家人急急忙忙地跑去 ,一时寻不着东街的汪大夫,却把西街牛医王大夫请来了 。差不多先生病在床上,知道寻错了人;但病急了 ,身上痛苦,心里焦急,等不得了 ,心里想道:“好在王大夫同汪大夫也差不多,让他试试看罢。”于是这位牛医王大夫走近床前,用医牛的法子给差不多先生治病。不上一点钟 ,差不多先生就一命呜呼了 。 
 
  差不多先生差不多要死的时候 ,一口气断断续续地说道:“活人同死人也差……差……差不多,……凡事只要……差……差……不多……就……好了,……何……何……必……太……太认真呢? ”他说完了这句格言 ,方才绝气了。 
 
他死后,大家都很称赞差不多先生样样事情看得破,想得通;大家都说他一生不肯认真 ,不肯算账,不肯计较,真是一位有德行的人。于是大家给他取个死后的法号 ,叫他做圆通大师 。 
 
  他的名誉越传越远,越久越大。无数无数的人都学他的榜样。于是人人都成了一个差不多先生 。——然而中国从此就成为一个懒人国了 。

英译版本:

Who knows who is the most famous person in China?

Finished this person, everyone is well known, is known everywhere. His last name is poor, the name is not much, and it is a village in various counties in each province. You must have seen him, I have heard that others talk about him. Almost the name of the name is hanging in everyone every day, because he is a representative of Chinese nationals.

Almost many of them are similar to me. He has a pair of eyes, but it is not very clear; there are two ears, but they are not very clear; there are noses and mouth, but he is not very particular for odor and taste. His mind is not small, but his memory is not very savvy, and his thoughts are not very fine. He often said: "Everything is almost the same, just fine. Why bother is too savvy?"

When he was small, fucking him to buy brown sugar, he bought a sugar back. He shook him, he shook his head and said: "Brown sugar is not almost?"

When he was in the school, he asked him: "Which province is the west side of Zhidi Province?" He said that it is Shaanxi . Mr. said: "Wrong. It is Shanxi, not Shaanxi." He said: "Shaanxi Tong Shanxi, isn't it almost?"

Later, he was a buddy in a money shop; he will also write, will also write Calculate, just never fine. Cross often writes thousand words, and thousands of characters often write a cross. The treasurer is angry, often married him. He just smiled carefully: "Thousand characters are more small than the cross, not almost?"

One day, he wants to take a train to Shanghai for a tight thing. He walked from the trains from the trains, two minutes later, the train had already opened. He looked at the drops of the drums and swayed in the far trains: "I have to go again tomorrow. Today, I will go tomorrow. But the train company is too serious. 8:30 Open, 3:30, not almost? "He said, slowly walked home in the heart, and never understood why the train refused to wait for two minutes.
One day, he suddenly got anxiety, hurry to ask his family to ask Wang Dr. Dong Street. The family hurriedly ran away, and I couldn't find Wang Dafu in East Street, but I invited the West Street Cow Medicine. Almost sick in bed, know that it is wrong; but the disease is in a hurry, the body is in the heartUrgent, I can't wait, I thought: "Fortunately, Wang Dafu is similar to Wang Dafu, let him try it." So this cow doctor Wang doctor took near bed, the doctor of the doctor cow gave a disease . Not a bit, almost a little life.

When the almost sorrows are almost dying, I said that a breath and concurrently: "The living person is also bad with the dead ... bad ... is almost, ... everything as long as ... bad ... bad ... there is not much ... ... well, ...... What ... What ... must ... too ... too serious? "He said this.

After he died, everyone was very praised to see almost the case of the case, think of it; everyone said that he is refused to seriously, not willing to consider, it is really a virtue. people. So everyone gave him a deadline, called him to do Yuantong master.

His reputation is getting more and more, the longer the bigger. Countless countless people learn his example. So everyone has become a mortuary. - However, China has become a lazy country.

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