胡适经典美文《中学生的休养与择业》那安

作者:南宫飞之人气:1893更新:2021-07-13 22:30:09

      今天我应该讲些什么?事先曾请教吴县长 ,师范刘校长和同来的几位朋友,他们以今天到场的大多数是青年朋友们,也有青年朋友的父兄 ,因此要我讲讲中等教育的东西。同时 ,我到过的地方,许多朋友常常问我中学生应注重什么?中学毕业后,升学的应该怎样选科?到社会里去的应该怎样择业?我是不懂教育的 ,不过年纪大些,并且自己也是经过中学大学过来的,同时看到朋友们与我们自己的子弟经过中学 ,得到一点认识,愿意将自己的认识提出来供大家的参考,今天讲的题目 ,就是:“中学生的修养与中学生的择业 。”
 
    中学生的修养应注意两点:
 
    一、工具的求得  中学生大概是从十二岁的幼年到十八岁的青年,这个时期是决定他将来最重要的一个时期。求知识与做人 、做事的工具,要在这个时期求得。古人说:“工欲善其事 ,必先利其器 ”,中学生要将来有成就,便应该注意到“求工具”——学业上 ,事业上 ,求知识上所需要的工具 。求工具的目标有二:一是中学毕业后无力升学要到社会里去就业;一是继续升学 。
 
      第一种工具是语言文字。不论就业或升学,以我个人的经验和观察所得,语言文字是最需要的工具。在中学里不仅应该学好本国的语言文字 ,最好能多学一二种外国的语言文字 。它是就业升学的钥匙,能为我们打开知识的门。多学得一种语言,等于辟开一个新的花园、新的世界。语言文字 ,可以说是中学时期应该求得的工具当中非常重要的了 。在中学时期如果没有打好语言文字的基础,以后作学问非常的困难。而且过了这个时期,很少能够把语言文字弄好的。
 
      第二种工具是科学的基本知识 。许多人都说学了数学 ,将来没有什么用处,这是错误的。数学是自然科学重要的钥匙,如果不能把这个重要的钥匙——数学 ,与物理学、化学 、生物学 、矿物学、植物学等,在中学时期学好,则不能求得新的知识。所以中学时期最重要的 ,是把这些基本知识弄好 。
 
      青年们在学校里对于各种基本科学 ,不能当它是功课,是学校课程里面需要的功课,应该把它当成求知识、做学问 、做人的工具 ,必不可少的工具。拿工具这个观念来看课程,课程便活了。拿工具这个观念来批评课程,可以得到一个标准 。首先看看哪些功课够得上作工具 ,并分出哪些功课是求知识做学问的工具,哪些功课是做人的工具 。哪些功课是重要,哪些功课是次要。同时拿工具这个观念来衡量 ,哪种教法是死的笨的,请先生改良,哪些应该特别注重 ,请先生注意。我这个话,不是叫学生对先生造反,而是请先生以工具来教 ,不要死板的照课本讲 ,这样推动先生,可以使得先生从没有精神提起精神,不是造反而是教学相长 ,不把功课当作功课看,把它当作必须的工具看 。拿工具的观念看功课,功课便是活的 ,这一点也可以说是中学生治学的方法。
 
    二、要养成良好的习惯  良好习惯的养成,即普通所谓的人品教育,品性人格的陶冶。教育学家心理学家都告诉我们说:人品性格是习惯的养成 ,好的品格是好的习惯养成 。中学生是定型的阶段,中学生时期与其注重治学的方法,毋宁提倡良好的习惯的养成。一个人的坏习惯在中学还可纠正 ,假使在中学里不能养成良好的习惯,这个人的前途便算完了,在大学里不会是个好学生 ,在社会里不会是个有用的人才。我原在这里提醒青年学生们的注意 ,也请学生的父兄教师们注意 。
 
      我们的国家以前专注重文字教育,读书人的指甲蓄得很长,手脸都是白白的 ,行动是文绉绉的,读书可以从“学而时习之”背诵起,写文章摇摇摆摆地会写出许多好听的词句来 ,可是他们是无用的,不能动手,也不能动脚 ,连桌凳有一点坏了,也不能拿起斧头钉子来修理。这种只能背书写文章的读书人就是没有养成良好的习惯——动手动脚的习惯。
 
      我在台湾大学讲《治学方法》时,讲到一个故事:宋时有一新进士请教老前辈做官的秘诀 ,老前辈告诉他四个字:勤谨和缓 。这四个字大家称为做官的秘诀,我把它看作做人、做事 、做学问的秘诀。简单的分别说:
 
      勤,就是不偷懒 ,不走捷径 ,要切切实实,辛辛苦苦的去做。要用眼睛的用眼睛,用手的用手 ,用脚的用脚,先生叫你找材料,你就到应该到的地方去找 。叫你找标本 ,你就到田野,到树林里去找,无论在实验室里 ,在自然界里,都不要偷懒,一点一滴的去做 。
 
      谨 ,就是谨慎,不粗心,不苟且 ,以江浙的俗话来说 ,不拆烂污。写汉字,一点、一横也不放过;写外国字,“i ”的点、“t ”的横 ,也一样不放过;做数学,一个圈 、一个小数点都不苟且。不要以为这是小事情,做小事关系天下的大事 ,做学问关系成败,所以细心谨慎,是必须养成的习惯 。
 
      和 ,就是不要发脾气,不要武断,要虚心 ,要和和平平。什么叫做虚心?脑筋不存成见,不以成见来观察事实,不以成见来对待人。就做学问来说 ,要以心平气和的态度来做化学、数学、历史 、地理 ,并以心平气和的态度来学语文 。无论对事,对人,对物 ,对问题,对真理,完全是虚心的 ,这叫做和。
 
      缓,这个字很重要,“缓”的意思是不要忙 ,不轻易下结论。如果没有缓的习惯,前面三个字就不容易做到 。譬如找证据,这是很难的工作 ,如果限定几点钟交卷,就不能做到“勤”的工夫;忙于完成,证据不够 ,不管它了 ,这样就不能做到“谨 ”的工夫;匆匆忙忙地去做,当然不能做到“和”的工夫。所以证据不够,应当悬而不断 ,就是姑且先挂在那里,悬而不断,并不是叫你搁下就不管 ,是要你勤,要你谨,要你和。缓 ,就是南方人说的“凉凉去吧”,缓的意思,是要等着找到了充分的证据 ,然后根据事实来下判断 。无论作学问、作事、作官 、作议员,都是一样的。
 
      大家知道治花柳病的名药“六零六 ”吧?什么叫“六零六”呢?经过六百零六次的试验才成功的。“九一四”则试验了九百一十四次 。达尔文的生物进化论,认为动植物的生存进化与环境有绝大的关系 ,也费了三十年的工夫 ,到四海去搜集标本和研究,并与朋友们往复讨论 。朋友们都劝他发表,他仍然不肯。后来英国皇家学会收到另一位科学家华莱士的论文 ,其结论与达尔文的一样,朋友们才逼着达尔文把研究的结论公布,并提出与朋友们讨论的信件 ,来证明他早已获得结论,于是皇家学会才决定同华莱士的论文同时发表,达尔文这种持重的态度 ,不是缺点,是美德,这也是科学史上勤谨和缓的实例。值得我们去想想 ,作为榜样,尤其青年学生们要在中学里便养成这种习惯 。有了这种好习惯,无论是做人做事做学问 ,将来不怕没有成就。 #p#分页标题#e#
 
      中学生高中毕业后 ,面临的问题是继续升学或到社会支找职业。升学应如何选科?到社会去如何择业?简单的说,有两个标准:
 
      一 、社会的标准  社会上所需要的,最易发财的 ,最时髦的是什么?这便是社会的标准 。台湾大学钱校长告诉我说,今年台大招生,投考学生中外文成绩好的都投考工学院 ,尤其是考电机工程、机械工程和特多,考文史的则很少,因为目前社会需要工程师 ,学成后容易得到职业而且待遇好。这种情形,在外国也是一样的,外国最吃香和学科是原子能、物理学和航空工程 ,干这一行的,最受欢迎,最受优待。
 
      二 、个人的标准  所谓个人的标准 ,就是个人的兴趣、性情、天才近哪门学科 ,适于哪一行业 。简单的说,能干什么。社会上需要工程师,学工程的固不忧失业 ,但个人的性情志趣是否与工程相合?父母兄长爱人都希望你学工程,而你的性情志趣,甚至天才 ,却近于诗词,小说,戏剧 ,文学,你如迁就父母兄长爱人之所好而去学工程,结果工程界里多了一个饭桶 ,国家社会失去了一个第一流的诗人 、小说家、文学家、戏剧学家,不是可惜了吗?所以个人的标准比社会的标准重要。因为社会标准所需要的太多,中国人常说社会职业有三百六十行 ,这是以前的说法 ,现在何止三百六十行,也许三千六百行,三万六千行都有 ,三千六百行,三万六千行,行行都需要 。
 
      社会上需要建筑工程师 ,需要水利工程师,需要电力工程师,也需要大诗人 、大美术家、大法学家、大政治家 ,同时也需要做新式马桶的工人。能做新式马桶的,照样可以发财。社会上三万六千行,既是行行都需要 ,一个人决不可能会做每行的事,顶多会二三行,普通都只能会一行的 。在这种情形之下 ,试问是社会的标准重要?还是个人的标准重要?当然是个人的重要!因此选科择业不要太注重社会上的需要 ,更不要迁就父母兄长爱人的所好 。爸爸要你学赚钱的职业,妈妈要你学时髦的职业,爱人要你学社会上有地位的职业 ,你都不要管他,只问你自己和性情近乎什么?自己的天才力量能做什么?配作什么?要根据这些来决定。
 
      历史上在这一方面,有很好的例子 ,意大利的伽俐略是科学的老祖宗,是新的天文学家,新的物理学家的老祖宗。他的父亲是一个数学家 ,当时学数学的人很倒霉 。在伽俐略进大学的时候(三百多年前),他父亲因不喜欢,所以要他学医 ,可是他读医科,毫无兴趣,朋友们以他的绘画还不坏 ,认为他有美术天才 ,劝他改学美术,他自己也颇以为然。有一天他偶然走过雷积教授替公爵府里面作事的人补习几何学的课室,便去偷听 ,竟大感兴趣,于是医学不学了,画也不学了改学他父亲不喜欢的数学。后来替全世界创立了新的天文学 、新物理学 ,这两门学问都建筑于数学之上 。
 
      最后说我个人到外国读书的经过,民国前二年,考取官费留美 ,家兄特从东三省赶到上海为我送行,以家道中落,要我学铁路工程 ,或矿冶工程,他认为学了这些回来,可以复兴家业 ,并替国家振兴实业。不要我学文学、哲学 ,也不要学做官的政治法律,说这是没有用的。当时我同许多人谈过这个问题 。以路矿都不感兴趣,为免辜负兄长的期望 ,决定选读农科,想做科学的农业家,以农报国。同时美国大学农科 ,是不收费的,可以节省官费的一部分,寄回补助家用。
 
      进农学院以后第三个星期 ,接到实验系主任的通知,要我到该系报到实习 。报到以后,他问我:“你有什么农场经验? ”我说:“我不是种田的。”他又问我:“你做什么呢?”我说:“我没有做什么 ,我要虚心来学,请先生教我。 ”先生答应说:“好 。”接着问我洗过马没有,要我洗马 。我说:“我们中国种田 ,是用牛不是用马。”先生说:“不行。 ”于是学洗马 ,先生洗一半,我洗一半 。随即学驾车,也是先生套一半 ,我套一半。作这些实习,还觉得有兴趣。下一个星期的实习,为包谷选种 ,一共有百多种,实习结果,两手起了泡 ,我仍能忍耐,继续下去,一个学期结束了 ,各种功课的成绩,都在八十五分以上 。到了第二年,成绩仍旧维持到这个水准。依照学院的规定 ,各科成绩在八十五分以上的 ,可以多选两个学分的课程,于是增选了种果学。起初是剪树、接种 、浇水 、捉虫,这些工作 ,也还觉得有兴趣 。
 
      在上种果学的第二学期,有两小时的实习苹果分类,一张长桌 ,每个位子分置了四十个不同种类和苹果,一把小刀,一本苹果分类册 ,学生们须根据每个苹果的长短,开花孔的深浅、颜色、形状 、果味和脆软等标准,查对苹果分类册 ,分别其类别(那时美国苹果有四百多类,现恐有六百多类了),普通名称和学名。美国同学都是农家子弟 ,对于苹果的普通名称一看便知 ,只需在苹果分类册里查对学名,便可填表缴卷,费时甚短。我和一位郭姓同学则需一个一个的经过所有检别的手续 ,花了两小时半,只分类了二十个苹果,而且大部分是错的 。晚上我对这种实习起了一种念头:我花了两小时半的时间 ,究竟是在干什么?中国连苹果种子都没有,我学它什么用处?自己的性情不相近,干吗学这个?
 
      这两个半钟头的苹果实习使我改行 ,于是,决定离开农科。放弃一年半的时间(这时我已上了一年半的课)牺牲了两年的学费,不但节省官费补助家用已不可能 ,维持学业很困难,以后我改学文科、学哲学、政治 、经济、文学,在没有回国时 ,以前与朋友们讨论文学问题 ,引起了中国的文学革命运动,提倡白话,拿白话作文 ,作教育工具,这与农场经验没有关系,苹果学没有关系 ,是我那时的兴趣所在。我的玩意儿对国家贡献最大的便是文学的“玩意儿 ”,我所没有学过的东西 。最近研究《水经注》(地理学的东西) 。
 
      我已经六十二岁了,还不知道我究竟学什么?都是东摸摸 ,西摸摸,也许我以后还要学学水利工程亦未可知,虽则我现在头发都白了 ,还是无所专长,一无所成。可是我一生很快乐,因为我没有依社会需要的标准去学时髦。我服从了自己的个性 ,根据个人的兴趣所在去做 ,到现在虽然一无所成,但是我生活的很快乐,希望青年朋友们 ,接受我经验得来的这个教训,不要问爸爸要你学什么,妈妈要你学什么 ,爱人要你学什么 。要问自已性情所近,能力所能做的去学。这个标准很重要,社会需要的标准是次要的。

英译版本:

What should I talk about today? In advance, I have asked Wu County, and the teachers Liu President and several friends. They are in the most young friends today, and they also have the father of young friends, so I want to tell me about the things of middle education. At the same time, what many friends I have come, many friends often ask me that middle school students should pay attention to? After graduating from secondary school, how should I choose? What should I choose to choose in society? I don't understand education, but I'm older, and I have passed the University of Middle School. At the same time, I saw my friends through middle school, I got a little understanding, and I would like to give my understanding for everyone's reference. Today, the topic is: "The cultivation of middle school students and the education of middle school students."



I, the tool seeks middle school students Probably from the 12-year-old young and 18-year-old youth, this period is the most important period in the future. Ask for knowledge and people, tools do things, to be obtained in this period. The ancients said: "Workers must have a good fault, you must first make a tool", the middle school students should have achievements in the future, and they should pay attention to "tools" - academic, career, seeking tools needed in knowledge. The goal of the tool is two: First, it is unlocated after graduation of secondary school to go to the society; one is to continue to learn. The first tool is language text. Regardless of employment or enrolled, the language text is the most needed tool in my personal experience and observation. In secondary school should not only learn the language of the country, it is best to learn more about the language of foreign languages. It is the key to employment, which can open the door to us. Multi-learn a language, equivalent to open a new garden, new world. Language characters can be said to be very important in the tools that should be taken in the middle school. In the middle school period, if there is no basis for language text, it is very difficult to learn. And after this period, I rarely get the language text.
The second tool is a basic knowledge of science. Many people have said learning mathematics, there is nothing in the future, this is wrong. Mathematics is an important key for natural science, and if this important key - mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, mineralogology, botany, etc.It is good to learn from the middle school period, and new knowledge cannot be obtained. So the most important in the middle school is to make these basic knowledge.

Young people in schools for all kinds of basic science, can not be a homework, is the homework required in the school course, should take it as a knowledge, learn, and people's tools, essential tools . Take the tool to see the course, the course is active. Take this concept to criticize the course and get a standard. First, see which homework is enough for tools, and divide which homework is a tool for knowledge to learn, which homework is a tool. Which homework is important and which homework is secondary. At the same time, take this concept to measure, which teaching method is stupid, please improve, what should be paid to, please pay attention. I am telling students to rebel for the gentleman, but ask Mr. to teach the tools, don't bother the class book, so that Mr. can make the gentleman from the spirit, it is not the teaching, and the homework is not Aspirate, see it as a must-have tool. Take the concept of tools to see homework, homework is alive, this can also be said to be a mid-school study method.

Second, we must develop good habits
Good habits, namely ordinary so-called character education, cultivation of characteristic personality. The psychologist of educators told us that character character is the habitual development, good character is a good habit. Middle school students are stages of formation, and the mid-school students' way to pay attention to the study, and they advocate good habits. A person's bad habits can also be corrected in middle school. If you can't develop good habits in middle schools, this person's future is finished, and it will not be a good student in the university. It will not be a useful person in society. I was here to remind youth students' attention and asked students to pay attention.

Our country has focused on text education. The nails of the readers have been stormed long. The face is white, and the action is a literary, reading can be recited from "learning", writing articles Watching a lot of nice words, but they are useless, can't do it, and you can't move. There is a little broken, and you can't pick up the ax nails. This kind of readers who can only write articles are not developing good habits.The habit of feet. When I talked about "treatment method" in Taiwan, I told a story: I have a new tribute to the Song, please teach the secret of the old seniors, and the older generation tells him four words: diligent and slow. These four words are called the secret of being an official, I think it as a person, doing things, and learning the secret. Simple, said:

Diligence, it is not lazy, don't take shortcut, I have to be cut, and I have done hard. To use your eyes with your eyes, use your hands with your hands, use your feet, Mr. call you to find materials, you will go to the place where you should go. Call you to find the specimen, you will go to the field, go to the woods, no matter in the laboratory, don't lazy in the nature, don't do it.

, it is cautious, unqing, meticulous, and, in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, do not dismantle it. Write Chinese characters, a little, no one is not going; write foreign words, "I" point, "T" horizontal, the same is not going; do math, a circle, a decimal point is meticulous. Don't think that this is a little thing, doing small things, doing things in the world, doing the success or failure of learning, so careful, it is the habit of developing.

,, don't lose your temper, don't be arbitrary, you have to be humble, you want and peace. What is your heart? The brain does not meet, not to see the facts, do not take people to treat people. Just learn, to make chemical, mathematics, history, geography, and attitude towards the heart, and attitude towards the heart. Whether it is right, for people, objects, problems, truth, is completely humbowed, this is called and.

Successful, this word is very important, "slow" means not busy, not easy to conclusion. If there is no slow habit, three words in front are not easy. For example, find evidence, this is a difficult job, if you limit a few more than a clock, you can't do "diligent" work; busy with completion, the evidence is not enough, no matter what it is, this can't be "hull" When you are busy, you can't do "and". Therefore, the evidence is not enough, it should be constant, it is aunt, hanging there, and constantly, it is not to ask you, if you want you, you want you and. Success, it is the "cool go to it", it means to wait for the full evidence, then according to the factsDecision. Regardless of learning, writing, making officers, is the same.

Do you know the "sixty-six" famous medicine to treat flowers willow disease? What is "sixty-six"? After six hundred and six tests success. "Ninth (Ninth" trial of 914 times. Darwin's biological evolution, believes that the evolution of animals and plants and the great relationship of the environment, and it has been a 30-year work, to the four seas to collect specimens and research, and recover with friends. Friends advised him to publish, he still refused. Later, the Royal Royal Society received another scientist Wallace paper, the same as Darwin, the friends forced Darwin to announce the conclusions of the study, and propose letters discussed with friends to prove that he has already gained conclusions. So the Royal Society decided to publish the papers of Wallace at the same time, Darwin's holding attitude, not a shortcoming, is virtue, this is also a diligent and slow instance in scientific history. It is worth thinking about it, as an example, especially young students have to develop this habit in middle schools. With this kind of habit, whether it is doing things to do things, not afraid of nothing in the future. # P # paged title # e #

After graduating from high school in middle school students, the problem facing continuing to raise their careers. How should he choose a department? How to choose a business to society? Simply put, there are two standards:

The standard of society
What is the most easy to make a fortune? What is the most fashionable? This is the standard of society. The Taiwan University Qian President told me that this year, the Taiwan University enrollment, investigating the students in China and foreign countries, especially the test motor engineering, mechanical engineering and very many, the history of the test, because the current social needs engineers, learn It is easy to get a career and is good. This situation is true in foreign countries, the most popular and disciplines of foreign countries are atomic energy, physics and aviation projects, do this line, the most popular, and most favored.

Second, personal standards
The so-called personal standard is personal interest, nature, genius, which is suitable for which industry is suitable. Simply put, what can you do. In the society, engineers are needed, and they are unfair to unemployment, but whether personal sexual interest is intended to work with engineering? Parents, brothers, people want you to learnAnd your temperament, or even genius, but close in poetry, novels, drama, literature, you like your parents' brother, love to learn, the project is a rice bucket, the national society lost a first First-class poet, novelist, literary, drama, isn't it unfortunate? So personal standards are important than social standards. Because there are too many social standards, the Chinese often say that social occupations have three hundred and sixty lines. This is the previous statement. Now there are three hundred and sixty lines, maybe 3,600 lines, 36,000 lines Three thousand six hundred lines, 36,000 lines, and the line needs. The social engineer needs construction engineers, and the need for a water conservancy engineer requires electricity engineers, but also a big poet, a big artist, a law, a big politician, and a worker who needs to do new toilet. Can make a new toilet, you can make a fortune. Thirty-thousand rows in society, both of them need, one person can never do everything, the top will be two or three lines, ordinary can only be a line. Under this circumstance, ask a social standard important? Or is it important to personal standards? Of course, it is an important person! Therefore, the selection industry should not pay too much attention to the needs of society, and don't move your parents' brother. Dad wants you to learn to make money, mother wants you to learn fashionable careers, love people want you to learn the status of the society, you don't want him, just ask yourself and temperament? What can I do with my genius? What is it? To determine according to these.

In this regard, in this regard, there is a good example, Italy's galley is scientific old ancestors, and the new astronomers, the old ancestors of new physicists. His father is a mathematician who is very unlucky at the time. When galid is slightly advanced (more than three hundred years ago), his father didn't like it, so he learned medicine, but he read medical department, no interest, his friends were not bad in his painting, think he has The art genius, advised him to change the art, and he is also very good. One day he accidentally walked through the person who worked in the geometry for the Lake's house, and he was so interested that medicine did not learn, and the painting did not learn to change his father. Mathematics. Later, the world has created new astronomy, new physics, and these two schools have been building mathematics. Finally, I personally went to foreign reading.In the past two years in the Republic of China, the official fee was allowed to leave. The brother and brother arrived in Shanghai to Shanghai for me. He was in the middle of the country, and he asked the railway project, or the mine and more project. He thought that he studied these back, you can revive the family. And revitalize the industry for the country. Don't learn literature, philosophy, and don't learn political laws, saying that this is useless. At that time, I talked about this problem with many people. It is not interested in road mines. For the expectations of the brothers, they decided to choose the agricultural agents and wanted to do scientific farmers, with the country of China. At the same time, American University of Agriculturalies is not charged, and some can save some parties and return to subsidies.

In the third week, the Agricultural College received a notice from the Experimental Department, asked me to report the internship. After reporting, he asked me: "Do you have any farm experience?" I said: "I am not a farm." He asked me: "What are you doing?" I said: "I don't do anything, I want to be humble Learning, please ask me. "Sir said:" Okay. "Then ask me to wash the horse, I want to wash the horse. I said: "Our Chinese farming is not using the cow is not horses." Mr. said: "No." So he had cleaned the horse, washed half, I washed half. Just learn the driver, it is half a package, I have half. For these interns, I still feel interested. The next week's internship, for the selection of the valley, a total of more than a total of more than a total, the internship results, I still have to bear it, continue, the semester is over, all kinds of homework, all in 85 points the above. In the second year, the results remain maintained at this level. According to the college, each department has more than 85 points, and two courses can be selected, so it is selected. At first was a shear tree, vaccinated, watering, catching insects, these work, but also interested.

In the second semester of the top, there are two hours of internship apple classification, a long table, each seat is dissected forty different kinds and apples, a knife, an apple The vollets, students must check the Apple Volume, the US Apple, the US Apple, respectively, and the US Apple, for each of the apples, the depositation, the color, shape, fruity and crispy. There is more than six hundred classes in terrorism), ordinary names and scientific names. American classmates are farm children, and for Apple's ordinary name, I only need to check the names in the Apple Classification, you can fill in the form, and the time is very short. I and a classmate of Guo You need a passage of one.After all the procedures, it took two hours and a half, only twenty apples, and most of them were wrong. In the evening, I made a thought of this kind of practice: I spent two hours and a half, what is it doing? China has no apple seeds, what is I use? My own temperament is not similar, do you learn this?

Apple internship of two and a half hours made me change, so I decided to leave the Agricultural University. Time to give up (at this time, I have been a year and a half years) sacrificed two years of tuition fees, not only saving the official fee subsidy, it is impossible. It is very difficult to maintain the school, and I will change the textbook, learn philosophy, Politics, economy, literature, when there is no return to China, before discussing literary problems with friends, causing China's literary revolutionary movement, promoting vernacies, takes a vernacular composition, making educational tools, this is not related to farm experience, apple is not related, It is the interest in me. My gain's greatest contribution to the country is the "stuff" of literature, I haven't learned something. Recently studied "water advice" (geographic things).

I have been sixty-two years old, I don't know what I am learning? It's all touched, I will touch it, maybe I have to learn water conservancy projects, I have not known, although I am white now, or nothing else. But I am very happy in my life, because I don't have the standard to learn fashion in accordance with the standards needed. I obey my own personality, according to my personal interest, I have nothing to do now, but my life is very happy, I hope youth friends, I will accept this lesson of my experience, don't ask my father to learn What, my mother wants you to learn, love people want you to learn. It is necessary to ask from the genity and ability to do. This standard is very important, the standard of social needs is secondary.

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